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Minted is a package that allows formatting and highlighting source code in LaTeX. This article explains how to use it. Contents 1 Introduction 2 Basic usage 3 Including code from a file 4 One-line code 5 Custom lexers 6 Colours and style sheets 7 Captions, labels and the list of listings 8 Reference guide 9 Further reading  Introduction Using the package minted is straightforward. \documentclass{article} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[english]{babel}   \usepackage{minted}   \begin{document} \begin{minted}{python} import numpy as np   def incmatrix(genl1,genl2): m = len(genl1) n = len(genl2) M = None #to become the incidence matrix VT = np.zeros((n*m,1), int) #dummy variable   #compute the bitwise xor matrix M1 = bitxormatrix(genl1) M2 = np.triu(bitxormatrix(genl2),1)   for i in range(m-1): for j in range(i+1, m): [r,c] = np.where(M2 == M1[i,j]) for k in range(len(r)): VT[(i)*n + r[k]] = 1; VT[(i)*n + c[k]] = 1; VT[(j)*n + r[k]] = 1; VT[(j)*n + c[k]] = 1;   if M is None: M = np.copy(VT) else: M = np.concatenate((M, VT), 1)   VT = np.zeros((n*m,1), int)   return M \end{minted} \end{document} There are two important commands here. In the preamble the package is imported by \usepackage{minted} then the tags \begin{minted}{python} and \close{minted} delimit an environment that print the text verbatim in monospaced fonts and also colour comments, keywords and functions. The parameter python is the programming language the source code is written in. minted supports over 150 programming and markup languages as well as configuration files, see the reference guide for a list of supported languages. Note: For minted to work with you local LaTeX distribution an additional program called Pygments must be installed, Overleaf can save you the trouble of installing it and having to run special commands to compile your document. Documents that use minted work "out of the box" in Overelaf.   Open an example of the minted package in Overeaf  Basic usage There are some options in the minted environment that change the visual aspect of the code. \begin{minted} [ frame=lines, framesep=2mm, baselinestretch=1.2, bgcolor=LightGray, fontsize=\footnotesize, linenos ] {python} import numpy as np   def incmatrix(genl1,genl2): m = len(genl1) n = len(genl2) M = None #to become the incidence matrix VT = np.zeros((n*m,1), int) #dummy variable   #compute the bitwise xor matrix M1 = bitxormatrix(genl1) M2 = np.triu(bitxormatrix(genl2),1)   for i in range(m-1): for j in range(i+1, m): [r,c] = np.where(M2 == M1[i,j]) for k in range(len(r)): VT[(i)*n + r[k]] = 1; VT[(i)*n + c[k]] = 1; VT[(j)*n + r[k]] = 1; VT[(j)*n + c[k]] = 1;   if M is None: M = np.copy(VT) else: M = np.concatenate((M, VT), 1)   VT = np.zeros((n*m,1), int)   return M \end{minted} This is the example presented in the introduction, but the opening delimiter for the environment now has the syntax \begin{minted}[...]{python}. Inside the brackets several comma-separated parameters in the form key=value are set: frame=lines Draws two lines, one on top and one at the bottom of the code to frame it. Other possible values are leftline, topline, bottomlines and single. framesep=2mm The frame separation is set to 2mm. Other length units can be used. baselinestretch=1.2 Interlining of the code set to 1.2. bgcolor=LightGray Background colour set to light grey. You need to import xcolor for this to work. See Using colours in LaTeX to learn more about colour manipulation. fontsize=\footnotesize Font size set to footnotesize. Any other font size can be set. linenos Enables line numbers. Other options that may be useful are: mathscape. Enables math mode in code comments. rulecolor. Changes the colour of the frame. showspaces. Enables a special character to make spaces visible.   Open an example of the minted package in Overleaf  Including code from a file Code is usually stored in a source file, therefore a command that automatically pulls code from a file becomes very handy. \documentclass{article} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[english]{babel}   \usepackage{minted}   \begin{document} The next code will be directly imported from a file:   \inputminted{octave}{BitXorMatrix.m} \end{document} The command \inputminted{octave}{BitXorMatrix.m} imports the code from the file BitXorMatrix.m, the parameter octave tells LaTeX the programming language of the code. This command can take two extra parameters to import only part of the file; for instance, to import code from the line 2 to the line 12, the command becomes: \inputminted[firstline=2, lastline=12]{octave}{BitXorMatrix.m}   Open an example of the minted package in Overleaf  One-line code If you need to input only a line of code, the command \mint, whose syntax is presented in the next example, will do the trick. One-line code formatting also works with minted. For instance, a simple html sample like this: \mint{html}|

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