Ferromagnetism formal report
This report provides insight into the magnetic phenomenon of Hysteresis. Hysteresis is defined as a retardation effect where the magnetisation of a magnetic material lags behind the magnetizing force. Here we will explore the hysteresis loop for a silver steel ferromagnet and use this to discover it’s magnetic properties. The method used will be to place a ferromagnet inside a solenoid with an alternating voltage which will continually reverse the magnetic field and magnetism direction. The relation between these two quantities will be used to produce a hysteresis loop from which magnetic properties can be deduced. The results obtained were: saturation magnetisation = (8.4±0.5)(105)Am-1; remnant magnetisation = (5.9±0.5)(105)Am-1; coercive field: (4.3±0.5)(104)Am-1; energy expended per cycle per unit volume of material: (1.55±0.05)(103)Jm-3s-1; energy product: (8.7±3.0)(104)Jm-3.
The Mechanics of a Spiral Water Pump
The fundamental necessity for water is a widespread issue affecting many communities across the globe. In this project, our team sought to provide an innovative solution to this problem for a small community with access to a relatively close source of flowing water. Resultant flow rate of water was calculated to be 0.498 L/min. Stress and strain analysis on individual subsections of the system were as follows: -44.2 MPa for bending moment in the rod; -7.04 MPa for shear stresses in the rod of the axis; -8.88E-5 for shear strain in the rod ; -1.11 MPa and .429 MPa of shear stresses in the L brackets; -0.123 MPa for radial stress of spiral, -0.422 MPa for hoop stress of spiral, -2.10 MPa for bending moment of spiral, and -0.176 MPa for the maximum shear stress of the spiral pump on the rotating wheel. The focus of the design remained fixated on water acquisition; however, further additions can be made for water purification.
Alex Garcia, Ann Lin, Michael Yep
Materials 1 Lab Report
The aim of this laboratory work is to design a strut/bracket assembly for aircrafts. Experiments are carried out to determine mechanical properties of certain materials.The material chosen is Mild Steel. Given the possible condition experienced by the material and the safety factor, the dimensions for the designs of the strut/bracket assembly for aircrafts are obtained to avoid failure by yield or fracture. The diameter of the pin, d ,which is subjected to shear stress should be larger than 14.56mm. The diameter of the rod, D, should be larger than 12.74mm. The thickness of the rod would be 10mm.
Chen Zhi Shen
Impact Crater Lab
The impact crater of a small metal ball of 63.7 grams (0.0637kg) is dropped from 8 different heights, ranging from 0.20m to 0.90m was observed. A mean was measured for the craters diameter. Using the equation E=mg$\Delta$h given that we have m, and g is a constant of 9.81 we can find the kinetic energy of the ball on impact. The relationship between crater diameter, D, and impact energy, E, is given by D=kE$^n$ where K is constant and n is found by the gradient of the graph and is also constant. This can be modified to give $\log D = n\log E + \log k$.